Parasitoids and Biological Control


Taylor, C., E.T. Machtinger, and C.J. Geden. 2016. Manure preferences and postemergence learning of two of common filth fly parasitoids, Spalangia cameroni and Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). PLoS One. DOI:

Machtinger, E.T., C.J. Geden, E.D. LoVullo, and P.D. Shirk. 2016. Impacts of Extended Laboratory Rearing on Female Fitness in Florida Colonies of the Parasitoid Spalangia cameroni(Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) With an Analysis of Wolbachia Strains. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 109: 176-182. DOI: 

Machtinger, E.T., and C.J. Geden. 2015. Comparison of the olfactory preferences of four filth fly pupal parasitoid species (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) for hosts in equine and bovine manure. Environmental Entomology. 44: 1417-1424.  DOI: 10.1093/ee/nvv120
Machtinger, E.T., C.J. Geden, and N.C. Leppla. 2015. The effect of linear distance on the parasitism of house fly (Diptera: Muscidae) hosts by Spalangia cameroni (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). PLoS One. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129105
Machtinger, E.T., C.J. Geden, P.E. Teal, N.C. Leppla.  2015. Comparison of host-seeking strategies used by the filth fly pupal parasitoids Spalangia cameroni and Muscidifurax raptor (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae). Environmental Entomology 44: 330-337

Machtinger, E.T., and C.J. Geden.  2013. Host location by Spalangia cameroni in equine associated substrates. Biological Control 65: 130-134.